英英字典~System

【前言】
網路~過於發達,到底是不是好事?呵呵!

「系統(system)」一詞,是外來語!
在傳統中文裡,沒有這個詞彙!(正如:在古文中~沒有科學、民主、…等詞彙!)

系統,是近代西方進步的精髓之一!
 是一種「觀念」,也是一種「方法」,也可以是一種「邏輯」,…
所以,動用「系統」方式處理事情~企劃、評估、檢討、… ,都是很好用的技巧!

既然,系統是外來語,中文不容易解釋~就請去看原文的解釋!
 如此,就比較不容易誤解原來的真諦!
共勉之!

【英英字典】
網站:The DICT Development Group
網址:http://www.dict.org/bin/Dict

查詢結果:5 definitions found for system

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :
System \Sys”tem\, n. [L. systema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to place
together; sy`n with + ? to place: cf. F. syst[`e]me. See
Stand.]
1. An assemblage of objects arranged in regular
subordination, or after some distinct method, usually
logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related
by some common law, principle, or end; a complete
exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a
rational dependence or connection; a regular union of
principles or parts forming one entire thing; as, a system
of philosophy; a system of government; a system of
divinity; a system of botany or chemistry; a military
system; the solar system.
[1913 Webster]
The best way to learn any science, is to begin with
a regular system, or a short and plain scheme of
that science well drawn up into a narrow compass.
–I. Watts.
[1913 Webster]
2. Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as
forming one complete plan of whole; the universe. “The
great system of the world.” –Boyle.
[1913 Webster]
3. Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to
have a system in one’s business.
[1913 Webster]
4. (Mus.) The collection of staves which form a full score.
See Score, n.
[1913 Webster]
5. (Biol.) An assemblage of parts or organs, either in animal
or plant, essential to the performance of some particular
function or functions which as a rule are of greater
complexity than those manifested by a single organ; as,
the capillary system, the muscular system, the digestive
system, etc.; hence, the whole body as a functional unity.
[1913 Webster]
6. (Zool.) One of the stellate or irregular clusters of
intimately united zooids which are imbedded in, or
scattered over, the surface of the common tissue of many
compound ascidians.
[1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :
system
n 1: instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting
artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity; “he bought
a new stereo system”; “the system consists of a motor and a
small computer”
2: a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a
unified whole; “a vast system of production and distribution
and consumption keep the country going” [syn: system,
scheme]
3: (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances
in different phases are in equilibrium; “in a static system
oil cannot be replaced by water on a surface”; “a system
generating hydrogen peroxide”
4: a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; “they have
to operate under a system they oppose”; “that language has a
complex system for indicating gender” [syn: system, system
of rules]
5: an organized structure for arranging or classifying; “he
changed the arrangement of the topics”; “the facts were
familiar but it was in the organization of them that he was
original”; “he tried to understand their system of
classification” [syn: arrangement, organization,
organisation, system]
6: a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or
parts; “the body has a system of organs for digestion”
7: a procedure or process for obtaining an objective; “they had
to devise a system that did not depend on cooperation”
8: the living body considered as made up of interdependent
components forming a unified whole; “exercise helped him get
the alcohol out of his system”
9: an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical
and well organized; “his compulsive organization was not an
endearing quality”; “we can’t do it unless we establish some
system around here” [syn: organization, organisation,
system]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :
227 Moby Thesaurus words for “system”:
Anschauung, Copernican universe, Einsteinian universe, MO,
Newtonian universe, Ptolemaic universe, aggregation, algorithm,
all, all being, all creation, allness, anality, angle,
angle of vision, apple-pie order, approach, arrangement, array,
attack, basis, blueprint, blueprinting, body-build, brand,
calculation, cast, character, characteristic, characteristics,
charting, combination, complex, complexion, composition,
conception, concord, constituents, constitution, contrivance,
cosmos, course, crasis, created nature, created universe, creation,
deployment, design, device, dharma, diathesis, discipline,
disposal, disposition, enterprise, entity, envisagement, ethos,
everything that is, expanding universe, eye, fashion, fiber,
figuring, fine fettle, footing, foresight, forethought, form,
formation, frame, frame of reference, framework, game, genius,
good condition, good shape, good trim, grain, graphing,
ground plan, group, guidelines, guise, habit, harmony, hue, humor,
humors, idea, ilk, integral, integrate, intention, kind, layout,
light, line, line of action, lines, lineup, long-range plan,
macrocosm, macrocosmos, makeup, manner, manner of working, mapping,
marshaling, master plan, means, megacosm, mental outlook, mesh,
metagalaxy, method, methodicalness, methodology, mode,
mode of operation, mode of procedure, modus, modus operandi, mold,
nature, neatness, network, omneity, operations research, order,
orderliness, organization, outlook, pattern, peace, physique,
place, plan, planning, planning function, plenum, point of view,
position, practice, prearrangement, procedure, proceeding, process,
program, program of action, property, proportion,
pulsating universe, quality, quiet, quietude, rationalization,
reference system, regard, regularity, respect, routine, schedule,
schema, schematism, schematization, scheme, scheme of arrangement,
set, set-up, setup, side, sidereal universe, sight, situation,
slant, somatotype, sort, spirit, stamp, stand, standpoint,
steady-state universe, strategic plan, strategy, streak, stripe,
structure, style, suchness, sum, sum of things, symmetry,
systematicness, systematization, tack, tactical plan, tactics,
technique, temper, temperament, tendency, tenor, the big picture,
the drill, the how, the picture, the way of, tidiness, tone,
totality, totality of being, tranquillity, trimness, type,
uniformity, universe, vein, view, viewpoint, way, whole wide world,
wide world, wise, working plan, world, world without end

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :
system
n.
1. The supervisor program or OS on a computer.
2. The entire computer system, including input/output devices, the
supervisor program or OS, and possibly other software.
3. Any large-scale program.
4. Any method or algorithm.
5. System hacker: one who hacks the system (in senses 1 and 2 only; for
sense 3 one mentions the particular program: e.g., LISP hacker)

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :
system
1. The supervisor program or operating system on a
computer.
2. The entire computer system, including input/output devices,
the supervisor program or operating system and possibly
other software.
3. Any large program.
 4. Any method or algorithm.
[{Jargon File]

【感知說明】
在中文,有「一字多義」的情形;
在英文,也有「一字多面象」的情形!

【結語】
值得學習的智慧~就順其自然吧!

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